Pork products that are ready-to-eat are very in demand in the Philippine market. There are many processed products that we can make from pork. Tocino, fresh native sausages, canton-style longanisa, chorizo de recado and chicharon are among these products.
How to make Canton-style longanisa
Prepare about 300 grams of cubed or coarsely ground pork backfat and about 700 grams of ground lean pork. Mix these curing ingredients ( good for 1 kg of meat):
refined salt – 1 1/2 teaspoons
refined sugar – 3 tablespoons
anisado wine – 1 1/2 tablespoons
salitre – 1/8 teaspoons
achuete – 1/3 cup
Phos PT – 1 teaspoons
Mix the meat and the ingredients well. Cover and cure the meat for 8 hours at room temperature. You can cure it longer by refrigerating for one to two days. After curing, stuff the meat into casings. They can be made from small intestines of pigs or cows. But there are also cellulosic casing that are being sold in the market.
Dry the meat in casing for 8 hours at a temperature of 110 F to 120 F in an artificial dryer. After drying, store in the refrigerator.
How to make fresh native sausages
This is also prepared from cubed or coarsely ground pork backfat (300 g) and lean pork (700 g). Mix the following curing ingredients (for 1 kg of meat):
refined salt – 1 1/2 tablespoons
refined sugar – 1 1/2 tablespoons
soy sauce (toyo) – 1 1/2 tablespoons
vinegar- 2 tablespoons
anisado wine – 2 tablespoons
ground black pepper – 1 tablespoon
chopped garlic – 2 tablespoons
salitre – 1/8 tablespoon
Phos Pt – 1 teaspoon
water – 1/4 cup
Follow procedure in preparing Canton-style longanisa. You need not dry the sausages. They can be cooked or sold after curing.
How to make Chorizo de recado
Like the Canton-style longanisa and fresh native sausage, chorizo de recado is also made from cubed or coarsely ground lean pork (700 g) and pork back fat (300 g). But its curing ingredients are different.
refined salt – 3 1/3 teaspoons
salitre – 1/8 teaspoon
pimientos de España – 2 1/2 tablespoon
anisado wine – 1 1/2 tablespoon
ground black pepper – 1/4 teaspoon
thyme – 1/4 teaspoon
chopped and fried garlic – 1 tablespoon
nutmeg – 1/8 teaspoon
phosphate – dissolved in 1/4 water.
Chorizo and Canton-style longanisa are similarly prepared.
How to make Chicharon
Prepare 1 kg of pork skin and 3 to 4 cups of water. Put the whole pork skin in boiling water. Stir to avoid the skin from sticking to the bottom of the sauce pan. Reduce the heat and allow to simmer until the skin is tender and can be pricked with fork. Drain the skin and cool. Slice into squares. Sun dry for 2 days or until the skin hardens.
How to make Tocino
This sweet-tasting processed pork is prepared from pork chop or liempo. Slice the meat to 1/4 inch thick. Mix the following ingredients (good for 1 kg of meat):
salt – 1 tablespoon
sugar- 4 tablespoons
salitre- 1/8 teaspoon
anisado wine- 2 tablespoons
achuete – as desired
Phos PT – 1teaspoon
water – 1/4 cup
Treat the sliced meat with these ingredients and pile in a basin. Let it stand for 8 hours at room temperature. If you will cure it for one day, store inside the refrigerator.
Source: DOST, photo modified from www.kabayan.se